French infant total diet study Exposure to selected trace elements and associated health risks

Archive ouverte

Sirot, Véronique | Traore, Thiema | Guérin, Thierry | Noël, Laurent | Bachelot, Morgane | Cravedi, Jean-Pierre | Mazur, André | Glorennec, Philippe | Vasseur, Paule | Jean, Julien | Carne, Géraldine | Gorecki, Sébastien | Rivière, Gilles | Hulin, Marion

Edité par HAL CCSD ; Elsevier

International audience. A total diet study (TDS) was conducted between 2010 and 2016 to assess the risk associated with chemicals in food of non-breast-fed children under three living in France. 291 composite food samples were prepared "as consumed" and analyzed for 16 trace elements: aluminium (Al), antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), nickel (Ni), silver (Ag), strontium (Sr), tellurium (Te), tin (Sn), vanadium (V). Dietary exposure was assessed for 705 representative children using food consumptions recorded through a 3-consecutive-days record. For inorganic mercury, chromium III, and antimony, the exposure levels were lower than the health-based guidance values and the risk was considered tolerable. Conversely, the exposure levels to inorganic arsenic, lead and nickel were higher than the health-based guidance values for a part of children and were considered as a concern, requiring management measures to reduce the exposure. For aluminium, methylmercury, strontium, chromium VI, cobalt, and barium, a risk could not be ruled out because of uncertainty sources. As a precautionary measure, reducing the exposure is recommended. For chemicals without robust health-based guidance value (organic arsenic, gallium, germanium, silver, tin, tellurium and vanadium), additional data are needed for risk assessment.

Consulter en ligne

Suggestions

Du même auteur

Human health risks related to the consumption of foodstuffs of plant and animal origin produced on a site polluted by chemical munitions of the First World War | Gorecki, Sébastien

Human health risks related to the consumption...

Archive ouverte | Gorecki, Sébastien | ISSN: 0048-9697 | 2017-12

International audience. Shells fired during World War I exhibited different explosive compounds and some of these weapons also contained a wide variety of chemical warfare agents. At the end of the war, for safety purposes, the la...

Assessment of dietary exposure to bisphenol A in the French population with a special focus on risk characterisation for pregnant French women | Bemrah, Nawel

Assessment of dietary exposure to bisphenol A...

Archive ouverte | Bemrah, Nawel | ISSN: 0278-6915 | 2014

Bisphenol A (BPA) is used in a wide variety of products and objects for consumers use (digital media such as CD's and DVD's, sport equipment, food and beverage containers, medical equipment). Here, we demonstrate the ubiquitous pr...

Chronic dietary exposure to pesticide residues and associated risk in the French ELFE cohort of pregnant women | de Gavelle, Erwan

Chronic dietary exposure to pesticide residue...

Archive ouverte | de Gavelle, Erwan | ISSN: 0160-4120 | 2016-07

International audience. Dietary exposure to pesticide residues may present a risk to public health, especially for sensitive populations such as pregnant women. To characterize this risk, this study assessed chronic dietary exposu...

Chargement des enrichissements...